A year end refers to the end of a company’s financial year. As such, the year-end accounts are a summary of a company’s performance across the financial year, and will typically include a directors’ report, balance sheet, profit and loss statement and explanatory notes. These financial statements and reports, along with the company tax return (CT600) must be filed with HMRC.
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What are benefits in kind?
For self-employed persons or employers, it can be challenging trying to understand the rules surrounding benefits in kind. These can be complicated; some benefits are taxable while others aren't, and it gets tricky figuring out which rules apply to your situation.
To make things a little easier to understand, we've written up a quick guide below. After reading our guide, you'll understand what benefits in kind are, have a clearer idea of which ones are taxable (and which ones aren't), and get an overview of what you need to do when it comes to reporting and paying taxes on benefits in kind.
Do keep in mind that this isn't a definitive guide, as HMRC's decision to impose a tax varies by situation. If you need specific advice, doconsult our specialist accountants at Forma.
What are Written Down Values?
Written-down value, otherwise known as the book value or net book value is the value of an asset after accounting for depreciation or amortisation. It represents the present worth of an asset from an accounting perspective.
What are Assets?
An asset is any resource that is owned by a company. There are two main types of assets: current assets and non-current assets. Current assets are expected to be consumed within a year, while non-current assets are expected to be held for longer than a year.
What is Employment Allowance?
Employment Allowance enables eligible employers to reduce their National Insurance bill by up to £4,000 each year.
Your Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss explained
Here's where our article comes in, so you can quickly get a grip on the basics.
What are Supplier References?
A supplier reference (or trade reference) refers to a report detailing the payment history between a business customer and its supplier or vendor. It enables a supplier to check your creditworthiness and find out if you're a reliable customer before they offer you credit.
How do I file Year End Accounts?
1. HMRC - Companies must register with HMRC to file online and obtain a user ID and password.
2. Companies House ‚- To file online companies must obtain an authentication code from Companies House
Alternatively, the accounts can be posted to Companies House.
What is a Profit & Loss Account?
The profit and loss account (P&L) is a financial report that shows the revenue, expenses and profit or loss of your company over a specific accounting period.
This period can be a month, a quarter or a year. A P&L is also commonly referred to by other terms, such as the income statement, statement of operations, financial results statement and earnings statement.
What are BACS and CHAPS payments?
CHAPS-an abbreviation for Clearing House Automated Payment System-is a same-day bank-to-bank payment system. It is typically used for large, one-time payments, as the transfers are relatively expensive to process. There are no upper or lower limits to the amount that can be transferred.
BACS, or Bankers' Automated Clearing Services enables payments to be made electronically from one bank to another. The transfer method handles all debit and credit card transactions, has an upper limit of £250,000 per transfer and is mainly used for low-value transactions. BACS payments take three working days to clear.
What are Money Transfers?
Retained profits, or retained earnings are profits that a firm has earned to date (after deducting dividends or other distributions paid out to investors) and are retained in the company's accounts. In a balance sheet, retained profits are included under the owner's equity section.
What are Debtors?
The term ‚Äòdebtor' refers to an individual or company that owes money, or is in debt to an individual or organisation. An example would be a customer that has purchased a product or service from your business. In the balance sheet, debtors are listed under the current assets section.
Your company year end accounts explained
Approaching a company's first year-end can feel incredibly stressful, as there will be a lot of paperwork you need to file at this time.
In this article we provide you with a simple list of what you will need to do, along with a few tips to make the whole process easier for you. We finish with the penalties and deadlines for late filing.
Small Business Guide to Debits and Credits
As accountants who specialise in small business needs, we're familiar with the challenges that you face-and have put together a series of articles to help you easily understand the basics of accounting.
How long do I have to file my accounts?
Your first set of accounts is due 21 months after the date you registered with Companies House. Your accounts for the subsequent financial years are due nine months from your financial year end. Do note that if you change the accounting reference period, the filing time may be reduced.
Different deadlines apply for public companies.