Your company year end accounts explained

Jordan Macey

May 20, 2021

company accounts guide

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Small Business Accounting

Company Year End Accounts Overview

Approaching a company's first year-end can feel incredibly stressful, as there will be a lot of paperwork you need to file at this time. 

In this article we provide you with a simple list of what you will need to do, along with a few tips to make the whole process easier for you. We finish with the penalties and deadlines for late filing.

Filing Company Year End Accounts with HMRC

You will need to file your company tax return, also known as the CT600 form, online.

To do this you will need your company accounts and your corporation tax calculation.

You will also need to file a director's report, unless your company is a micro-entity. Depending on the size of your company, you might also need to include an auditor's report.

Filing Company Accounts with Companies House

You will also need to file a copy of your accounts with Companies House. There is an option on the HMRC website for joint filing.

Companies House also require you to complete an annual Confirmation Statement, detailing who owns your company and how many shares it has. This is easy to do online—provided you have not changed the way your company is structured.

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Small Business Accounting Guide

Year End Accounts & VAT (HMRC)

If your company is VAT-registered, your VAT return will likely be due around the same time as your company year-end. 

Do note that this doesn't apply if you pay your VAT monthly or quarterly, as the deadline will then fall one month and seven days after the end of each VAT period.

4 tips for making filing less stressful

Set up email reminders

Sign up for Gov.uk's email reminder service. This ensures that you will get a timely reminder a few weeks before your accounts and confirmation statement are due for filing. 

You might remember it all now, but it is very easy to forget such things with the hectic pace of running a new business.

Be rigorous with your expenses

Ensure you record all your expenses, and keep a copy of all your invoices and receipts. This is especially important in the first year when you will incur all your start-up costs.

According to HMRC, expenses must be incurred "wholly and exclusively" for running your business to be allowable for tax purposes.

If you're unsure about which expenses you can or can't claim, a qualified accountant can help you out.

Your accountant will also be able to provide personalised advice, such as making recommendations for expenditure that you can bring forward to reduce your total profit. 

Further reading:

Plan ahead for the upcoming year

It's important that you set aside time to map out financial plans for the upcoming year. Book a meeting with your accountant, so you can review the past year and identify any areas you can improve on. 

You may want to discuss how you can cut down on your tax bill, manage your cash flow more efficiently or assess if the capabilities of your current accounting software is aligned with your business needs and future goals. 

Ensure that you've kept proper records

Before you file your company year-end documents or returns, check that you've kept a copy of documents that are required to back up your calculations. 

These include receipts, invoices, bank statements, records of income and more. Your records must be kept for six years from the end of the last financial year they pertain to.

Small Business Accounting Guide

What's Inside:

  • When and why you may want to register a Limited Company
  • Advantages and disadvantages of a Limited company
  • Limited company alternatives
  • When to register for VAT
  • Advantages and disadvantages of VAT
  • How to take money out of your company
  • Dividend tax rates
  • Limited company expenses & corporation tax
  • Annual accounts and deadlines
  • Confirmation statements and deadlines
  • Self Assessment tax returns
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
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Small Business Accounting Guide

What's Inside:

  • When and why you may want to register a Limited Company
  • Advantages and disadvantages of a Limited company
  • Limited company alternatives
  • When to register for VAT
  • Advantages and disadvantages of VAT
  • How to take money out of your company
  • Dividend tax rates
  • Limited company expenses & corporation tax
  • Annual accounts and deadlines
  • Confirmation statements and deadlines
  • Self Assessment tax returns

Company Year End Accounts Filing Deadline

The best way to avoid these it to be aware of your responsibilities and keep good records from the start. The worst way is to leave everything until the last month before it's due.

Company document deadlines

Company Year End Accounts Late Filing Penalties

Late filing penalties imposed by HMRC

HMRC late filing penalties table

Additional information:

  • If you've submitted your tax return late three times in a row, the £100 penalties are increased to £500 each.

Late filing penalties imposed by Companies House

Companies House late filing penalties

Additional information:

  • The penalties are doubled if your accounts are late for two years in a row.
  • You can be fined, or have your company struck off the register if you fail to send your accounts or confirmation statement to Companies House.

Read More Guides below:

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How long do I have to file my accounts? Guide

How long do I have to file my accounts?

Your first set of accounts is due 21 months after the date you registered with Companies House. Your accounts for the subsequent financial years are due nine months from your financial year end. Do note that if you change the accounting reference period, the filing time may be reduced.

Different deadlines apply for public companies.

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How do I file Year End Accounts? Guide

How do I file Year End Accounts?

1. HMRC - Companies must register with HMRC to file online and obtain a user ID and password.

2. Companies House ‚- To file online companies must obtain an authentication code from Companies House

Alternatively, the accounts can be posted to Companies House.

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Your company year end accounts explained Guide

Your company year end accounts explained

Approaching a company's first year-end can feel incredibly stressful, as there will be a lot of paperwork you need to file at this time.

In this article we provide you with a simple list of what you will need to do, along with a few tips to make the whole process easier for you. We finish with the penalties and deadlines for late filing.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

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What is a Partnership Statement? Guide

What is a Partnership Statement?

The Partnership Statement (SA800(PS)) is used to record details of your earnings from sources other than trading and professional income indicated on your SA800 Partnership Tax Return.

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What are Year End Accounts? Guide

What are Year End Accounts?

A year end refers to the end of a company's financial year. As such, the year-end accounts are a summary of a company's performance across the financial year, and will typically include a directors' report, balance sheet, profit and loss statement and explanatory notes. These financial statements and reports, along with the company tax return (CT600) must be filed with HMRC.

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Small Business Accounting Guide