Take Home Pay Calculator

Chris Andreou

May 25, 2021

take home pay calculator guide

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Contractors

Take Home Pay Calculator

Monthly Take Home Pay Calculations

When factoring in whether you should start a Limited Company or start contracting, it's useful to understand how your pay works and the assumptions behind them.

Here's a few factors you need to know:

1. Limited Company Director Salary

As a contractor or the sole director of a limited company, you'll have to factor in Corporation Tax, VAT and expenses.

Typically, limited company directors will pay themselves a salary of up to the secondary threshold (£8,840 per year for 2021/22).

This is tax-efficient, as it is the maximum salary you can take before you start paying National Insurance and taxes. At the same time, you're still able to qualify for state pension.

2. Director Dividends

Given that you're drawing a minimal salary, most of your income will be drawn in the form of dividends.

Do note that dividends can only be paid out from distributable profits, and your tax rate will change as you draw a higher amount. You can read up all about dividend thresholds here.

3. Corporation Tax

Corporation Tax is currently set at 19% for UK companies (2021/22).

This is calculated based using the formula: Total Revenue - Total Expenses.

4. Expenses

You'll have a range of different expenses you can claim as a limited company like a work laptop, business travel, insurance and accounting.

If you have expenses incurred as a result of running your business, then should absolutely claim for these.

If you don't, you'll wind up paying a higher Corporation Tax:

- £40,000 profit * 19% = £7,600 in corporation tax

- £35,000 profit * 19% = £6,650 in corporation tax

Further information on allowable expenses can be found in our limited company expenses guide.

Registering a Limited Company Guide

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Registering a Limited Company Guide

Registering a Limited Company Guide

What's Inside:

  • What is a Limited Company
  • 10 step process for setting up a Limited Company
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Registering a Limited Company Guide

What's Inside:

  • What is a Limited Company
  • 10 step process for setting up a Limited Company

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Book a free 30 minute call with an accountant. We'll help walk through setting up your business, switching accountant or any of your tax queries. All our accounting packages come with a free 30 day trial.

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How do I become a contractor?

To become a contractor, you need to:

  • Do your research: The first step you'll need to do is to conduct in-depth research, and think through various important factors-from finances and tax implications, to lifestyle and business opportunities-to ascertain if becoming a contractor is the right decision for you.
  • Decide on how you'll operate: As a contractor, you may operate as a sole trader, through your own limited company, or work with an umbrella company or recruitment agency.
  • Develop a business strategy: Strategic planning isn't set in stone-but working out a plan is still helpful, as it is a way for you to consider multiple perspectives, identify potential opportunities and pitfalls and conceptualise back up plans you could fall back on.
  • Get your business finances and insurance sorted out: Setting up a business bank account, registering a company, determining the level of accounting support you need and investing in business insurance are important aspects you need to sort out before you begin contracting.
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Guide to employing or hiring contractors

You have an important project at hand, and you require a contractor's specialist knowledge to fill in the skill gap in your team. You're ready to hire-except that you're unfamiliar with the hiring process.

If this is your first time hiring a contractor, our article will guide you through the essentials.

We'll cover the following:

  • Sourcing for contractors
  • Assessing contractor CVs
  • Interviewing a contractor
  • Payments
  • Contract terms
  • Terminating a contract
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Dividend Tax Calculator 20/21

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What are dividends and dividend taxes?

As a limited company director, you have greater flexibility to work around the tax system, and are able to implement tax optimisation strategies not available via other business structures.

One of these ways is to draw dividends from your company, as opposed to receiving a salary; doing so can help to reduce your tax bill.

If you're newly self-employed, this can be rather confusing.

You might be wondering: How can dividends help reduce my tax bill, and what taxes do I need to pay on them? Are there additional considerations I need to keep in mind?

These are the questions we'll be answering below:

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Income Tax Calculator

What is income tax?

Income tax is a tax imposed on the income or profits made by individuals in any given tax year. While this is typically deducted at source for employees, self-employed persons pay income tax differently and may be taxed a different amount.

What is the current self-employed income tax rate?

Income tax rates for the 2019/20 tax year are as follows:

  • Personal Allowance: Up to £12,500 (0%)
  • Basic rate: £12,501 to £50,000 (20%)
  • Higher rate: £50,001 to £150,000 (40%)
  • Additional rate: over £150,000 (45%)

If you need more information on Personal Allowance and income tax rates for previous tax years, check out the following guides from HMRC:

Paying income tax as a self-employed person: What you need to know

Unlike employees, self-employed individuals don't pay income tax through PAYE-they're required to file an annual Self-Assessment tax return.

Most people file their returns online these days. The deadline for doing so is 31st January, while payments for your tax bill are due on 31st January after the end of the relevant tax year. That means that your 2018/19 tax year must be paid up by 31st January 2020.

If you're newly self-employed, you'll need to register for Self-Assessment. Keep in mind to stay within the deadline, as there are penalties for registering your Self-Assessment late. We explain more about key deadlines, as well as late filing and payment penalties in our Self-Assessment guide.

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Contractor Business Services UK

Firstly, we'll start with the services that we provide which covers the critical things you'll need to start and operate your contracting business.

For those just getting started, we provide free company registration on Companies House. This is typically done within 24 hours of submitting your details to Forma. It can take under 5 minutes to provide all your details and we'll just need a proof of ID and proof of address for each of the company directors.

We cover all of your key company filing requirements like annual accounts, confirmation statements, corporation tax and ensuring you meet all filing deadlines.

We also help with your annual Self Assessment which is a requirement for all company directors.

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What is a contractor?

A contractor is a professional that provides skills and services to a specific client under set terms. The terms can be for a set number of hours, a certain time frame or duration of a project.

A contractor is responsible for their own dealings and has discretion over the work they carry out.

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Employing contractors

There are a few steps you'll need to consider with hiring contractors. These include:

  • Sourcing for contractors
  • Assessing contractor CVs
  • Interviewing a contractor
  • Payments
  • Contract terms
  • Terminating a contract
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Is a contractor self employed?

Contractors can be self-employed, a worker or an employee. Those who are employed through an umbrella company or an agency could be considered a worker or an employee.

If a contractor is a sole trader or runs a limited company, he or she will then be considered a self-employed person.

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Dividend Calculator (Excluding VAT)

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What is an independent contractor?

An independent contractor is an individual who is engaged in a work agreement with a company or entity as a non-employee.

Factors that identify an independent contractor are:

  • They have a greater degree of control over their work
  • They offer a special skill set
  • They are able to get a replacement
  • They aren't entitled to employment benefits
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Dividends Guide

  • What are dividends?
  • Dividend tax rates and allowances
  • Paying taxes on dividends
  • Dividend FAQs
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What are the different types of contractors?

There are different types of contractor jobs available across diverse sectors. Contractors may be hired to perform services such as:

  • Marketing
  • IT maintenance and support
  • Graphic design
  • Recruitment
  • Business development
  • Catering
  • Construction work
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Take Home Pay Calculator

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What are the disadvantages of contracting?

The disadvantages of contracting are:

  • Uncertainty: Due to the flexible nature of their working relationships, contractors aren't guaranteed work after the end of assignment or project.
  • Responsibility: Not only is it the responsibility of the contractor to find work, they are also responsible for their own finances.
  • Employment rights: As a contractor, you generally wouldn't find yourself holding employment rights that permanent employees benefit from.
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What are the taxes, rates and allowances on dividends?

A dividend is money that's paid out by limited liability companies to investors, usually on a quarterly or annual basis. These payouts are based on the quarterly profits of your company as well as the amount of stock you own.

Dividends are calculated based on profits-what is left in your company after all expenses have been paid-not revenue.

Dividends can be either paid in cash or reinvested into your investment portfolio via dividend reinvestment, or via SCRIP dividends-which allow companies listed on the LSE to give investors additional shares instead of cash payouts.

Dividend tax refers to the rates by which those dividends are taxed according to HMRC. Each year, these tax rates may differ.

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What is Dividend tax?

A dividend is money that's paid out by limited liability companies to investors, usually on a quarterly or annual basis. These payouts are based on the quarterly profits of your company as well as the amount of stock you own.

Dividend tax therefore refers to the rates by which those dividends are taxed according to HMRC. Each year, these tax rates may differ.

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What are Dividends?

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What are the Dividend Tax Rates?

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How to Start Contracting Guide

  • What is a contractor
  • Types of contractors
  • Contractor business structures
  • Contractor accounting
  • Understanding IR35
  • Contractor insurance
  • Banking for contractors
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Registering a Limited Company Guide

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