What is a Director's Salary?

Jordan Macey

April 21, 2021

Get Free Advice from an Accountant

Book a free 30 minute call with an accountant. We'll help walk through setting up your business, switching accountant or any of your tax queries. All our accounting packages come with a free 30 day trial.

No items found.
Download Now ↓
Small Business Accounting

As a limited company director, you pay yourself through drawing a salary and receiving dividends from your company.

Drawing a salary from your company is fairly similar to how you’ll be paid if you were employed elsewhere—you’ll run payroll, submit the required information to HMRC each month and receive your salary (after income tax and NIC have been accounted for).

Download our Ultimate Expenses Guide

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
No items found.
No items found.

Download our Ultimate Expenses Guide

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
No items found.
No items found.

What's Inside:

No items found.

Read More Guides below:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

When do I have to pay National Insurance?

For employers, the deadline for paying National Insurance will vary depending on the amount payable.

If the amount payable exceeds £1,500, the deadline will fall on the 22nd of the month (or the 19th if payment is made by post).

If the amount payable falls below £1,500, you can make quarterly payments instead of monthly ones. The quarters end on 5 July, 5 October, 5 January and 5 April, and payments are due on the 22nd of the month (or 19th is payment is made by post). For example, for the quarter ending 5 July, the payment must be made by 22 July.

-

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I pay an employee?

If you're paying an employee for the first time, you'll need to set up payroll. You need to take the following steps:

  1. Register as an employer with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) and get a login for PAYE Online.
  2. Choose payroll software to record employee's details, calculate pay and deductions, and report to HMRC.
  3. Collect and keep records.
  4. Tell HMRC about your employees.
  5. Record pay, make deductions and report to HMRC on or before the first payday.
  6. Pay HMRC the tax and National Insurance you owe.
Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Money Transfers?

Retained profits, or retained earnings are profits that a firm has earned to date (after deducting dividends or other distributions paid out to investors) and are retained in the company's accounts. In a balance sheet, retained profits are included under the owner's equity section.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What do I need to do to pay a dividend?

To pay a dividend, you need to:

  • Hold a directors' meeting to ‚Äòdeclare' the dividend.
  • Keep minutes of the meeting, even if you're the only director. For smaller companies, this may often be just a case of getting the paperwork completed.
  • Issue dividend vouchers.
Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Authorised Agents?

Through the agent authorisation process, a client is able to authorise an agent to deal with HMRC on their behalf. Further information is available on the HMRC website.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are benefits in kind?

For self-employed persons or employers, it can be challenging trying to understand the rules surrounding benefits in kind. These can be complicated; some benefits are taxable while others aren't, and it gets tricky figuring out which rules apply to your situation.

To make things a little easier to understand, we've written up a quick guide below. After reading our guide, you'll understand what benefits in kind are, have a clearer idea of which ones are taxable (and which ones aren't), and get an overview of what you need to do when it comes to reporting and paying taxes on benefits in kind.

Do keep in mind that this isn't a definitive guide, as HMRC's decision to impose a tax varies by situation. If you need specific advice, doconsult our specialist accountants at Forma.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What is a Balance Sheet?

A balance sheet is a financial statement that provides a snapshot of the financial condition of a company, showing how much it owns (assets), owes (liabilities) and the amount that is left over for its owners (owners' equity) at a specific point in time. It is typically completed at the end of a month or a financial year.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Taxable Supplies?

A taxable supply is any supply made in the UK which is not exempt from VAT.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I repay a Director's loan account?

There are various ways to repay a director's loan.

  • Dividend: A dividend can be declared, and the money can be used to pay off the loan instead of being transferred to the director's personal account.
  • Cash repayment: A repayment is made by transferring money into the company account.
  • Expenses or salary: The loan can be paid off using other money to the director, such as the director's salary or expense reimbursements.
Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are BACS and CHAPS payments?

CHAPS-an abbreviation for Clearing House Automated Payment System-is a same-day bank-to-bank payment system. It is typically used for large, one-time payments, as the transfers are relatively expensive to process. There are no upper or lower limits to the amount that can be transferred.


BACS, or Bankers' Automated Clearing Services enables payments to be made electronically from one bank to another. The transfer method handles all debit and credit card transactions, has an upper limit of £250,000 per transfer and is mainly used for low-value transactions. BACS payments take three working days to clear.


Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

31 Accounting Terms & Concepts You Need to Know

Whether you're self-employed or running a small business, you need to stay on top of your business finances.

While you can delegate your company's financial affairs to your accountant, it's still important to have a good grasp of the essentials-such as basic accounting terms and concepts. With this knowledge, you'll be better able to communicate with financial professionals, team members and potential investors.

To help you get started, we've written up an introductory guide to accounting terms you need to know:

Accounts payable (AP)

This refers to money owed to the business by its creditors (suppliers, vendors and other service providers). These are recorded as a liability on the balance sheet.

Accounts receivable (AR)-

This refers to money owed to the business by its debtors (clients and customers). The amounts are recorded as an asset on the balance sheet.

Accruals

Accruals are amounts that are unaccounted for at the end of the accounting period. These can be expenses that have been incurred or revenue that has been earned, but aren't yet recorded in the accounts.

Assets

Any resource that is owned by a company. There are two main types of assets: current assets and non-current assets. Current assets are expected to be consumed within a year, while non-current assets are expected to be held for longer than a year.

Balance sheet-

The balance sheet shows how much a business owns (assets), owes (liabilities) and the amount that is left over for its owners (owner's equity) at a point in time.

Cash flow

Cash flow refers to the total amount of money that is moving in and out of your business.

Chart of accounts

The chart of accounts is a listing of all the accounts used in the general ledger of the business.

Cost of goods sold (COGS)-

The total of all costs associated with producing your products or services.

Credit

An accounting entry that increases a liability or owner's equity account, or decreases an asset or expense account. The term may also be used to refer to an entry on the right side of a T-account.

Debit

An accounting entry that increases an asset or expense account, or decreases a liability or owner's equity account. The term may also be used to refer to an entry on the left side of a T-account.

Depreciation

The measurement of the decline in the worth of an asset.

Common methods of depreciation include: straight line, units of production, sum-of-years-digits and double-declining balance.

Dividends-

Dividends are a payment of profit that a limited company distributes to its shareholders.

It is the money remaining after all business expenses and liabilities, as well as outstanding taxes (including VAT and Corporation Tax) have been paid off.

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP):

In the UK, the GAAP is a set of accounting standards published by the UK's Financial Reporting Council (FRC) for reporting financial information.

General ledger

A record of all the accounts that a business uses.

The accounts are classified into three categories: assets, liabilities and equity accounts.

Profit & loss (P&L)

The P&L is a financial statement that shows how much money your business has made or lost.

Liabilities

Debts and obligations of a company.

There are two main types of liabilities: current liabilities and non-current liabilities. Current liabilities (otherwise known as short-term liabilities) are due within a year, while non-current liabilities are due after a year.

Equity

Equity can have several meanings in accounting.

Firstly, it refers to the net amount of finances an owner has invested in the company.It can also refer to the residual value of assets less liabilities, as represented by the accounting equation ‘Equity = Assets - Liabilities'.

Expenses

Costs incurred by a company for revenue generation.

A few common types of expenses a business may incur are:

  • Fixed expenses: The total amount of the expense doesn't change over the short-term, despite changes in sales volume or other business activities. Examples include lease and rent payments.
  • Variable expenses: As its name suggests, the total amount of the expense varies in proportion to changes in sales, production or other business activities. Examples include salaries, utility expenses or costs of raw materials.
  • Operating expenses: Expenses incurred for activities that aren't directly related to the production of goods or services. Examples include administrative expenses, or legal and financial fees.

Net income

Otherwise known as net profit, net income refers to a business' financial position when the total revenue is more than the total expenses.

Present value (PV)

Present value is a calculation that measures the current value of a sum or stream of money to be received in the future, through adjusting for inflation and interest.

Return of investment (ROI)

A metric of profitability used to measure the gain or loss that an investment generates, relative to the sum of money invested.

Revenue

The amount of money a company receives from selling its goods or providing its services.

It refers to the amount earned before expenses are deducted.

Trial balance

A trial balance is a report that lists the balances of all general ledger accounts of a business at a specific point in time.

An expense should be recorded in the same period that the related revenue is earned.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Rechargeable Expense: expensing a client?

Rechargeable expenses are expenses that are incurred during the performance of your work that you can recharge or recover from your client or agency.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Tangible Assets?

Tangible assets are physical assets or property owned by a company, such as equipment, buildings, and inventory.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I pay a Limited Company Pension?

If you're operating as a sole trader, you can contribute to a personal pension scheme.

If you're a limited company director, you can make pension contributions as an individual (as an employee), as well as through your company (as an employer). For the latter option, your pension contributions are paid directly from your business bank account.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What is Statutory Adoption Pay?

It is the amount of money that must by law, be paid to an adoptive parent when he or she takes time off to adopt a child, or have a child through a surrogacy arrangement.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I change my salary?

NA

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What is a Profit & Loss Account?

The profit and loss account (P&L) is a financial report that shows the revenue, expenses and profit or loss of your company over a specific accounting period.

This period can be a month, a quarter or a year. A P&L is also commonly referred to by other terms, such as the income statement, statement of operations, financial results statement and earnings statement.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Creditors?

A creditor is an individual, company or entity that has provided goods or services to a business and is owed money. In the balance sheet, a creditor may be listed under the current liabilities or long-term liabilities section.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I pay a Contractor?

You can pay an independent contractor by an hourly or daily rate, or by the project through the contractor's preferred payment method. You won't need to withhold taxes, as they are responsible for paying their own income and National Insurance contributions.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Credit Notes?

A credit note is a document that a business issues to its customers. It is used whenever an invoice needs to be changed and re-issued, such as when a customer changes or cancels an order, or is charged an incorrect amount.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.