What are Company Deadlines?

Chris Andreou

April 21, 2021

No items found.
Download Now ↓
Limited Company

As a limited company director, there are several important deadlines you need to be aware of. These are:

  • File your Self Assessment tax return: 31st January 2022 for the 2020/2021 tax year
  • Pay you Self Assessment tax: 31st January
  • Registering for VAT: Register for VAT within 30 days of meeting the conditions for compulsory registration
  • Filing and paying VAT returns: 1 month and 7 days after your VAT quarter end date
  • Company accounts: First year accounts are due 21 months after incorporation. Subsequent accounts are due 9 months after the year end
  • Corporation tax registration: You need to register within 3 months of trading commencing.
  • File your corporation tax return: 12 months following the end of your accounting period
  • Corporation tax payment: 9 months and 1 day following the end of your accounting period
  • File your Confirmation Statement: You need to file a confirmation statement every 12 months, within 14 days after your confirmation date.

Download our Ultimate Expenses Guide

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
No items found.
No items found.

Download our Ultimate Expenses Guide

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
No items found.
No items found.

What's Inside:

No items found.

Get free accounting support

Create a free account. Talk to an accountant.
Explore hundreds of guides. No Credit Card Needed.

Featured Article

Read more

Read More Guides below:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Tax return and payment deadlines you need to know

Tax season can be stressful for small business owners.

You don't have the convenience of having an employer filing for you. While there are all kinds of tips and strategies for managing your taxes, the first order of business is to get key deadlines noted on your schedule, and determine how and when to make your payment.

Here's what you need to know:

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I dispose of an asset?

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are National Insurance numbers?

The National Insurance number is a number used in the administration of the National Insurance or social security system. It is unique to each individual, and helps ensure that the National Insurance contributions and tax you pay are properly recorded against your name.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Key considerations when you register a Limited Company

As a freelancer, contractor, or small business, it is typical to start with the simple structure of operating as a Sole Trader.

While taxes and other administrative work may be relatively easy when you are a Sole Trader, as your volume of business goes up, there are more and more reasons to take on the task of becoming a Limited Company.

For instance:

  • A Limited Company protects your personal assets. If you are found liable in a lawsuit, only your business assets are at risk.
  • A Limited Company is usually more tax efficient than being a Sole Trader.
  • Once you have your name chosen as a Limited Company registered through Companies House, no one else can take your company name.

Luckily, running a Limited Company doesn't have to be exceedingly complex, though following a set plan will help to keep the complexity to a minimum.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I transfer or change accountants?

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I register my business?

To register a business as a sole trader, you need to:

Once you've registered, you need to fulfil your responsibilities as a sole trader. These include:

  • Keeping records of your sales and expenses
  • Submitting a Self Assessment tax return each year
  • Paying income tax and National Insurance Contributions

To set up a limited company, you need to:

  • Decide what type of limited company you need
  • Choose a business name
  • Choose how to set up your limited company
  • Complete the company formation process
  • Open a business bank account
  • Inform your stakeholders
  • Get your VAT registration or transfer sorted out
  • Set up your payroll
  • Update your company details
  • Get your books sorted out

To set up a business partnership, you need to:

  • Choose a business name
  • Choose a ‚Äònominated partner'
  • Register with HMRC
Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I register a limited company?

There are a couple of ways to go about registering a limited company:

  • Register directly through Companies House
  • Go through a third party: An accountant or company formation service can help you process your application, significantly lessening your admin burden. Beyond the application, a good third-party service can also provide accounting advice, help you fulfil your filing obligations and assist with other admin tasks.

We've included further details in our guide on setting up a limited company.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

3 Ways to Register Your Company for Free

Registering a company is a one off cost of £12 and done through Companies House. However, there are a few different ways that you can get this fee waved with other business services that you need.

We'll walk you through how to register your company for free and the perks that you'll get with each.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What type of business structure is best for you?

If you're looking to the future with the hopes of beginning a journey running your own startup, chances are you're feeling some mixture of excitement, trepidation, and uncertainty when it comes to the finer details of your plan.

Starting your own business is an immensely fulfilling process and an excellent means to flex your creative muscles, but there's a lot of humdrum of business behind the process of turning a vision into a dream.

One of the most important (and one of the earliest) decisions in this process will centre around your business's formation. You'll have to select which type of business structure best suits your goals for the future.

While the choice may sound easy, you'll be well-served by giving the decision ample consideration. The business structure you select will have measurable implications on the way you make money and do business. It'll impact:

  • How much tax you pay
  • Your degree of personal liability should the business fail
  • How much administrative work is involved in the business (both before it comes to fruition and over the course of its life)
  • Your ability to finance and fund your efforts

If you make the wrong selection when it comes time to choose a business structure, you could be faced with a myriad of complications in the future.

Paying professionals for guidance and advice once things go wrong is costly and, for many, an embarrassing affair-performing research well in advance will ensure you're making the best choice for your company and that you can avoid losing out on money or pride later on.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Beginner's Guide to Bookkeeping for Small Business

Starting a new business?

Bookkeeping requirements are unlikely to be at the forefront of your mind. At this stage there are more pressing things for you to think about.

However, once your business is taking shape, you will need to start thinking about keeping up-to-date and accurate accounting details of your income and expenses. But what kind of records do you need to keep?

More than just a legal requirement, basic bookkeeping is an essential part of your ability to manage your business effectively.

Every year, your business accounts will need to be completed. If your business is operating as a limited company, you will need to submit your company accounts to Companies House. If you are self-employed, your business accounts will be used to calculate your Self Assessment tax liability.

Your bookkeeping records will form the basis of these statutory financial statements. They should include information relating to your sales, your expenses, salaries of you and any employees, along with other bank transactions.

It might sound complicated, but take it one step at a time and it's actually quite manageable.

If you're really struggling to stay on top of it all, there are plenty of small business accountants and professional bookkeepers who will be happy to help. So, even if you're terrified of numbers, rest assured that there's a solution out there for you.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Company Deadlines?

As a limited company director, there are several important deadlines you need to be aware of. These are:

  • File your Self Assessment tax return: 31st January 2022 for the 2020/2021 tax year
  • Pay you Self Assessment tax: 31st January
  • Registering for VAT: Register for VAT within 30 days of meeting the conditions for compulsory registration
  • Filing and paying VAT returns: 1 month and 7 days after your VAT quarter end date
  • Company accounts: First year accounts are due 21 months after incorporation. Subsequent accounts are due 9 months after the year end
  • Corporation tax registration: You need to register within 3 months of trading commencing.
  • File your corporation tax return: 12 months following the end of your accounting period
  • Corporation tax payment: 9 months and 1 day following the end of your accounting period
  • File your Confirmation Statement: You need to file a confirmation statement every 12 months, within 14 days after your confirmation date.
Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

What are Personal service companies?

While there isn't a legal or formal definition of the term, personal service companies (PSC) refer to limited companies that are owned by a contractor, who is also the only shareholder and sole director. In some instances, the company may also be owned by a very small group of individuals.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do accountants charge contractors?

Like with all service offerings, you can find contractor accountants at pretty much every price point. Some accountants will charge by the hour, some by piece of work or like ourselves, will offer a fixed monthly fee covering everything you will need in one clear package.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How to set up a Limited Company

When you set up a limited company, you'll enjoy many advantages you don't get as a sole trader. Not only is it a tax-efficient way to run your business, it's also a great way to limit your personal liability and increase your credibility with customers. Additionally, it could open new avenues of work that wouldn't be open to you if you were operating as a sole trader, especially some contractor roles.

One of the disadvantages of running a limited company is that it involves a lot of paperwork, but with the help of this guide, we'll clear away the jargon and tell you exactly what you need.

If you're unsure about whether a limited company is right for you, check out our handy article comparing the differences between Limited companies and Sole Traders to see which business entity is right for you.

If you've got more important things to do than dealing with extra admin, you can always take advantage of one of our accountancy packages and we'll do all the forms and applications for you.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How do I plan cashflow?

Here are a few strategies to better cash flow management:

Be rigorous about updating your cash flow: It can be helpful to update your cash flow whenever there is new information-such as when you've made a payment, or when a client informs you that a payment is coming in late. You'll need to have a system for managing your cash flow, whether that's a spreadsheet or cash flow management tool.

Carry out an in-depth analysis on a regular basis: Carve out a block of time each quarter to carry out an in-depth review of your cash flow. You'll want to assess your overall financial position, and look ahead at your cash flow projection for the next quarter.

Implement milestone payments for extended projects: If you're working on an extended project, consider structuring your payments by milestones-rather than receiving a single payment at the end of the project.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Creating your business budget

Running a business involves catering for many aspects of the business that can bog you down.

You can even forget crucial roles, such as monitoring your small business finances. Although budgeting may not be the best and most exciting part of running an enterprise, it is fundamental for success.

When starting a new business, a budget is a vital part of your business plan. Once the business is open and operational, then budgeting becomes an essential exercise that takes place annually or quarterly.

A budget comprises of fixed and variable costs accompanied by the allocation of monies to reflect business objectives.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

5 advantages of a limited company

The advantages of operating as a limited company are well known. It can be a great way to maximise your take-home pay, improve your credibility with customers and limit your personal liability. Like most things in life, it's a case of what's best for your situation. While the positives outweigh the negatives for most people, there are a few things you should know before you make the jump to a limited company.

In this article, we'll outline the disadvantages of operating as a private limited company. Bear in mind that there are many advantages to a limited company and in many cases, these advantages will outweigh the disadvantages, so don't think of this as a report of doom and gloom.

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

5 disadvantages of a limited company

What are the advantages of a private limited company?

In the UK, the majority of self-employed people operate as sole traders. While there are many advantages to being a sole trader, you could take home more money and give your business a professional edge by setting up as a limited company.

In this article, we'll look at the advantages of operating as a private limited company to see how it could benefit you. If you're interested in seeing whether a limited company could be a good option for your business, check out our Business Structure guide. If you're already operating as a sole trader, making the jump to a limited company is more straight forward than you think.

Advantage 1 ‚- You pay less tax and National Insurance Contributions

Who can turn their nose up at the prospect of increased take-home pay? Well, that's the principle benefit of setting up a limited company and one of the main factors that drive people to switch from a sole trader.

As a director of a limited company, the way you pay tax is different from how you pay as a sole trader. As a sole trader, you'll pay 20% or more on everything you earn over the tax threshold. As a limited company, you typically pay yourself a small salary so you incur as little personal tax as possible. The majority of your income will come in the form of dividends that are taxed at a much smaller rate, meaning you're able to maximise your take-home pay.

As well as the tax benefits, paying the majority of your income through dividends means that you're able to pay less National Insurance Contributions (NICs) as these do not apply to dividend payments.

Example - Here's a quick comparison of the difference in take-home pay for a sole trader and a limited company.

  1. Sole Trader
    Revenue: £40,000
    Expenses: £1000
    Tax at 20%: £5,300
    Class 2 NIC: £158.60
    Class 4 NIC: £2,655
    Take-home pay: £30,886.40


  2. Limited Company
    Revenue: £40,000
    Expenses: £1000
    Corporation tax: £5741.04
    Dividend tax at 7.5%: 1,406.92
    Take-home pay: £ 31,852.04

As you can see, you save £965.64 as a limited company. What's not to like?

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

When Should I Hire a Small Business Accountant?

If you're a self-employed person or small business owner, you might have already asked yourself the question, "Do I really need an accountant?"

When people ask that, they usually mean, "Can I justify the cost of an accountant?"

It seems simple: Hiring an accountant might seem like something you could do without, and if you handle the accounting yourself, you save money.

But that isn't the best way to think about it. The reality is that there are hidden costs associated with DIY accounting, and you don't want to come up short. So instead, ask yourself, "Will hiring an accountant add value to my business?"

The answer is yes.

Below, we'll cover the key cases when you should hire an accountant:

Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

How much should accounting cost?

As a new business owner, you'll often find yourself juggling numerous roles and tasks-from growing your business, to managing your operations, financesand taxes.

In addition, you're now required to meet your legal obligations as a limited company director-such as filing the necessary paperwork and accounts on time-or you'll risk being penalised.

Staying on top of all of these tasks can feel overwhelming, and here's where a limited company accountant comes into the picture.

Below, we'll look into:

  • What you can expect to pay for limited accounting packages
  • Services that are included in the cost
  • FAQs relating to choosing a limited company accounting provider
Read Full GuideRead Full GuideCalculate Now

Download Now:

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
No items found.