PAYE, P60's and Paying Yourself Guide

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PAYE, P60's and Paying Yourself Guide

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What is a PAYE Annual Return?

The P35 is an annual tax return completed by employers. The form indicates the total tax and National Insurance contributions for each employee during the previous financial year.

With the introduction of the Real Time Information reporting (RTI), the P35 is no longer required.

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What are dividends and dividend taxes?

As a limited company director, you have greater flexibility to work around the tax system, and are able to implement tax optimisation strategies not available via other business structures.

One of these ways is to draw dividends from your company, as opposed to receiving a salary; doing so can help to reduce your tax bill.

If you're newly self-employed, this can be rather confusing.

You might be wondering: How can dividends help reduce my tax bill, and what taxes do I need to pay on them? Are there additional considerations I need to keep in mind?

These are the questions we'll be answering below:

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What is Dividend tax?

A dividend is money that's paid out by limited liability companies to investors, usually on a quarterly or annual basis. These payouts are based on the quarterly profits of your company as well as the amount of stock you own.

Dividend tax therefore refers to the rates by which those dividends are taxed according to HMRC. Each year, these tax rates may differ.

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How do I register as a Sole Trader?

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7 ways to improve your monthly cash flow

Healthy cash flow is one of the most powerful weapons in a small company's arsenal.

In fact, cash on hand can be the deciding factor in a customer's choice to buy from your company or a competitor.

For instance, imagine landing the large order of your dreams, but losing the business to a competitor because you lack the capital necessary to prepay for the products needed to fill the customer's order. Fortunately, you can avoid this pitfall by making a few simple changes in your operations.

Below is a look at seven ways to grow your monthly cash flow by reducing expenses.

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What is the optimal salary for a Company Director?

The optimum salary for a contractor to pay themselves in the current tax year is dependent on their overall income throughout the period.

In the instance there is no other income to be considered, it is generally recommended that salary is paid in line with the Secondary National Insurance threshold which is currently £732 per month (20/21).

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Self employed tax obligations guide

When you're self-employed, you have unique financial obligations-especially when it comes to paying your taxes.

When you work for a larger corporation, or even a relatively small business, your company takes on a large percentage of handling your tax responsibilities for you.

As a freelancer or small business owner, you're on your own. You work as an independent contractor for each of the clients you work for-and they don't take taxes out of your check before they send it to you.

How then should you handle the responsibility of paying your taxes?

This guide will help you get started:

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How to calculate holiday pay for overtime and commission payments

"What are the rules around holiday pay?" is a common question often asked by employers.

It can be confusing, as regulatory changes mean that employers now need to consider additional elements when working out an employee's holiday pay.

Simply put, employers now need to include regular commission and regular overtime payments when calculating an employee's or worker's holiday pay.

This is explained in further detail below:

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How do I pay a Contractor?

You can pay an independent contractor by an hourly or daily rate, or by the project through the contractor's preferred payment method. You won't need to withhold taxes, as they are responsible for paying their own income and National Insurance contributions.

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How do I pay a company secretary?

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How to register self employed with HMRC

From starting your side business to going freelance full-time, becoming self-employed can feel scary and exciting all at once.

Before you jump right in, you need to ensure that you're staying on the right side of the law- and this begins with registering as self-employed with HMRC.

In doing so, you can be sure that you're paying the right amount of income tax and National Insurance Contributions, and thereby avoid paying unnecessary financial penalties.

Ready to get started? We've got all the information you need below:

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How do I hire a new employee?

To hire a new employee, you need to:

If you're hiring staff for the first time, refer to HMRC's guide on the steps you need to take.

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Dividend Calculator with VAT Flat Rate Scheme

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When do I have to pay National Insurance?

For employers, the deadline for paying National Insurance will vary depending on the amount payable.

If the amount payable exceeds £1,500, the deadline will fall on the 22nd of the month (or the 19th if payment is made by post).

If the amount payable falls below £1,500, you can make quarterly payments instead of monthly ones. The quarters end on 5 July, 5 October, 5 January and 5 April, and payments are due on the 22nd of the month (or 19th is payment is made by post). For example, for the quarter ending 5 July, the payment must be made by 22 July.

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How do I pay a Limited Company Pension?

If you're operating as a sole trader, you can contribute to a personal pension scheme.

If you're a limited company director, you can make pension contributions as an individual (as an employee), as well as through your company (as an employer). For the latter option, your pension contributions are paid directly from your business bank account.

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How do I pay myself a salary?

If you're the director of a limited company, you're also considered an employee. As such, you may pay yourself a salary through the PAYE scheme-which is similar to how other employees of the company receive their pay.

You'll need to register as an employer with HMRC (even if you're only employing yourself as the sole director of a limited company), set up and run payroll, report to HMRC and abide by HMRC's record keeping requirements.

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What are Directors Loans?

A director's loan is defined as money taken from your company that isn't either of the following:

  • A salary, dividend or expense treatment
  • Money that you've previously paid into or loaned the company

A Director's Loan Account (DLA) is a record of all transactions between the company and its directors. It records not just the money owed by the directors, but also the money owed to them.

Director's loans can be used:

  • when you need to access money in your company-apart from what you take out as a salary, dividend or expense treatment-for personal reasons.
  • for a variety of purposes, such as covering the costs of a home repair bill, travel plans or any unforeseen personal expenses that may arise.
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What is a P60?

A P60 is an official form you obtain at the end of the tax year. It indicates how much you've earned over the tax year (this starts on 6th April, and ends on 5th April of the following year), as well as the amount you've paid in PAYE income tax and National Insurance contributions.


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How do I pay Dividends to other Shareholders?

To pay a dividend, you need to:

  • Hold a directors' meeting to ‚Äòdeclare' the dividend.
  • Keep minutes of the meeting, even if you're the only director. For smaller companies, this may often be just a case of getting the paperwork completed.
  • Issue dividend vouchers


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What do I need to do to pay a dividend?

To pay a dividend, you need to:

  • Hold a directors' meeting to ‚Äòdeclare' the dividend.
  • Keep minutes of the meeting, even if you're the only director. For smaller companies, this may often be just a case of getting the paperwork completed.
  • Issue dividend vouchers.
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