PAYE, P60's and Paying Yourself Guide

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Inside our Limited Company Expenses guide:

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Dividend Tax Calculator 20/21

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How do I pay myself dividends?

To pay a dividend, you need to:

  • Hold a directors' meeting to ‚Äòdeclare' the dividend.
  • Keep minutes of the meeting, even if you're the only director. For smaller companies, this may often be just a case of getting the paperwork completed.
  • Issue dividend vouchers.
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Dividends Guide

  • What are dividends?
  • Dividend tax rates and allowances
  • Paying taxes on dividends
  • Dividend FAQs
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What are Unallocated Payments?

Unallocated payments are where the client has given you more money than they owe.

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How should I pay overseas supplier?

To pay an overseas supplier, you need to:

  • Decide on a payment currency
  • Select a payment method: There are various payment methods and payment service providers available, including bank transfers, credit card payments, PayPal and TransferWise. When you're choosing a payment method or provider, you need to think about the currencies available, fees, exchange rates, speed of international transfers and payment reconciliation capabilities.
  • Obtain the information you need to process the payment: You may need to obtain different types of information from your supplier, depending on the payment method you agree on. These may include their full name and address, bank account number, routing number and branch number and address.
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What is a P60 Form: When You Need It & Why You Might Not Have One

As a self-employed person or small business owner, it can be challenging trying to grapple with the various HMRC terms or forms you require.

Here's the low-down on the P60, so you'll get clear on the basics, and understand what's the right approach you should take-whether you're a freelancer, contractor or employer.

A P60 is an official form you obtain at the end of the tax year.

It indicates how much you've earned over the tax year (this starts on 6th April, and ends on 5th April of the following year), as well as the amount you've paid in PAYE income tax and National Insurance contributions.

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What is a PAYE scheme?

PAYE-or Pay As You Earn-is a system of income tax withholding by employers.

Tax and National Insurance contributions from your wages or occupational pension and sent to HMRC, before your employer pays you your wage or pension. Student loan repayments may also be deducted in this manner.

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Dividend Calculator (Excluding VAT)

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What is PAYE?

PAYE, or Pay As You Earn refers to a method of paying income tax and national insurance contributions.

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10 new business obligations when hiring your first employee

Being a solo entrepreneur is an exhilarating experience, but eventually, a successful business will create enough work for more than two or three people to handle.

This leads naturally to the hiring of your very first employee, maybe even more than one. However, there is a big difference between being self-employed as a solo contractor and being an official employer.

You may be used to taking care of your own income, taxes, and workplace concerns but as an employer, you are suddenly responsible for the livelihood of one or more other people. People to whom you will be their boss with all the nitty-gritty details packaged with it.

Fortunately, you're an ambitious and successful entrepreneur ready to take on the challenges of graduating from a solo contractor to an excellent employer.

To help you, we have put together a comprehensive list of your new responsibilities that manifest the moment you choose to hire your first employee.

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What is a directors loan account?

As a limited company director, you can access the money in your company bank account through a facility known as a director's loan.

This can come in handy in instances when your personal finances are in need of a boost, yet taking out a director's loan is a decision that requires careful consideration. That's because there are tax and accounting implications, and it's best to speak to an accountant so that you fully understand the consequences.

But before you dive into the details, you'll need to have an understanding of the basics-such as what a director's loan account is, what the loan can be used for, tax rules you need to be aware of and more.

Here's where our guide comes in:

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What do I need to do to pay a dividend?

To pay a dividend, you need to:

  • Hold a directors' meeting to ‚Äòdeclare' the dividend.
  • Keep minutes of the meeting, even if you're the only director. For smaller companies, this may often be just a case of getting the paperwork completed.
  • Issue dividend vouchers.
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How do I pay myself through a Limited Company?

As a limited company director, you can pay yourself through:

1. Taking a salary

As the director of a limited company, you're also considered an employee. As such, any salary you draw will be paid through the PAYE scheme-similar to how other employees of the company will receive their pay.

You'll run a payroll, report to HMRC and receive your salary (after taxes have been deducted at source).

2. Dividends

A dividend is a payment of profit that a limited company distributes to its shareholders.

While dividends can be drawn at any frequency across the year-as long as there are sufficient distributable profits-payments are typically made on a monthly or quarterly basis.

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Self employed tax obligations guide

When you're self-employed, you have unique financial obligations-especially when it comes to paying your taxes.

When you work for a larger corporation, or even a relatively small business, your company takes on a large percentage of handling your tax responsibilities for you.

As a freelancer or small business owner, you're on your own. You work as an independent contractor for each of the clients you work for-and they don't take taxes out of your check before they send it to you.

How then should you handle the responsibility of paying your taxes?

This guide will help you get started:

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How do I pay a Supplier?

There are various ways to pay your suppliers. Common payment methods include bank transfers, credit card payments and Letters of Credit.

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Do I need to be set up as an Employee in my new Company?

As a limited company director, you're classed as an office holder. You aren't automatically an employee at your company-even if you're the sole director and only person working in the business.

It's isn't mandatory to be set up as an employee at your new company. However, there are benefits to doing so if you aren't employed elsewhere, as you'll be able to take advantage of your tax free allowances.

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PAYE, P60's and Paying Yourself Guide

  • What is PAYE
  • PAYE when self employed
  • When to register for PAYE
  • Sole trader taxes
  • Sole trader income tax calculations
  • Limited company dividends & salary
  • Dividend tax rates
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What are Dividends?

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How do I pay myself a salary?

If you're the director of a limited company, you're also considered an employee. As such, you may pay yourself a salary through the PAYE scheme-which is similar to how other employees of the company receive their pay.

You'll need to register as an employer with HMRC (even if you're only employing yourself as the sole director of a limited company), set up and run payroll, report to HMRC and abide by HMRC's record keeping requirements.

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What is the optimal salary for a Company Director?

The optimum salary for a contractor to pay themselves in the current tax year is dependent on their overall income throughout the period.

In the instance there is no other income to be considered, it is generally recommended that salary is paid in line with the Secondary National Insurance threshold which is currently £732 per month (20/21).

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